Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesIr-nahash, Ir-Nahash, Ir Nahash, Irnahash, Nahash
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Dayr Nakhkhas (modern): 30% confidence
    1. building at Dayr NakhkhasDayr Nakhkhas

  2. Khirbet en Nahas (modern): 25% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet en NahasKhirbet en Nahas

  3. within 5 km of Tekoa (ancient): 20% confidence
    1. panorama of Khirbet Teku’a, which is in the distance at centerwithin 5 km of Khirbet Teku’a

  4. not a place (person): less than 10% confidence

Verses (1)

1Chr 4:12

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookIrnahash
OpenBible.infoa31913c (Ir-nahash)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2223


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 436
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Irnahash (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Ir Nahash
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Ir-Nahash
  5. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Irnahash
  7. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Ir-nahash
  8. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  9. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Irnahash
  10. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Ir-nahash
  11. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Ir-nahash
  12. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Ir-nahash
  13. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  14. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Orest2000, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, שועל


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.