Places in the Bible Today:

Lud 2


Translated NamesLud, Ludim, Lydia, Lydians
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Lud 1 (ancient): 40% confidence
    1. panorama of the citadel of Sardis in LydiaLydia

  2. about 500 km around Tripoli (modern): 35% confidence
    1. arch at Tripoliabout 500 km around Tripoli

Verses (2)

  1. Jer 46:9
  2. Ezek 30:5

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier (2007)Lud
OpenBible.infoa359997 (Lud 2)
WikipediaLud, son of Shem (partial)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  2. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  4. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Isa 66:19 note; Jer 46:7-9
  5. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Lud
  6. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011)
  7. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  8. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  9. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Ezek 30:5
  10. New Bible Dictionary (1996)
  11. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  12. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001)
  13. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  14. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  15. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  16. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Jer 46:9; Ezek 30:5

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Ken Mayer, Daniel and Kate Pett


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.