Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesAkrabbim, Ascent of Akrabbim, Maaleh-acrabbim, Scorpion Ascent, Scorpion Pass, Scorpions’ Ascent
Typemountain pass
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Ma’ale Akrabbim (modern): 75% confidence
    1. aerial panorama of Ma’ale AkrabbimMa’ale Akrabbim

  2. Jebel Umm al Aqarib (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Jebel Umm al AqaribJebel Umm al Aqarib

Verses (3)

Gen-Deut (1)
Num 34:4
Josh-Ruth (2)
Josh 15:3
Judg 1:36

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookAkrabbim (2007)Akrabbim
OpenBible.infoa39267b (Akrabbim)
WikipediaRoute 227 (Israel) (partial)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Akrabbim (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Akrabbim (Ascent of)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Akrabbim
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Akrabbim, Ascent of
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 35
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Akrabbim
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Akrabbim
  8. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Akrabbim
  9. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 10
  10. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Akrabbim, Ascent of
  12. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Num 34:1-12; Josh 15:2-4
  13. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 51
  14. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Akrabbim
  15. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  16. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Akrabbim
  17. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:2-4
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 34:4

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Ma’ale Akrabbim), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

אילן ארד, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.