Places in the Bible Today:

Migdol 1


Translated NamesMigdal, Migdol
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Tell el Herr (modern): 25% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell el HerrTell el Herr

  2. within 10 km of Tell el Maskhuta (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Tell el Maskhutawithin 10 km of Tell el Maskhuta

  3. T-211 (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around T-211T-211

  4. Jebel Abu Hasa (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Jebel Abu HasaJebel Abu Hasa

Verses (2)

  1. Exod 14:2
  2. Num 33:7

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMigdol (campsite) (2007)Migdol
OpenBible.infoa411283 (Migdol 1)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1675
WikipediaMigdol (partial)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Migdol (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Migdol
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Migdol
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Migdol
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Migdol
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Exod 14:1-4
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Migdol
  9. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Migdol
  10. Hoffmeier, "The Search for Migdol of the New Kingdom and Exodus 14:2: An Update" (2008): page 10
  11. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  12. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Migdol
  13. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  14. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Migdol
  15. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Migdol
  16. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Matson Collection


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.