Places in the Bible Today:

Mount Zemaraim


Translated NamesMount Zemaraim, Zemaraim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. within 5 km of Zemaraim (ancient): 60% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Ras et Tahunehwithin 5 km of Ras et Tahuneh

    2. satellite view of the region around Khirbet es Samrawithin 5 km of Khirbet es Samra

    3. cityscape of Rammunwithin 5 km of Rammun

    4. panorama looking north including Ras ez Zemara, which is behind the buildings at centerwithin 5 km of Ras ez Zemara

    5. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el Mazari’awithin 5 km of Khirbet el Mazari’a

  2. Ras et Tahuneh (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ras et TahunehRas et Tahuneh

  3. Ras ez Zemara (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama looking north including Ras ez Zemara, which is behind the buildings at centerRas ez Zemara

Verses (1)

2Chr 13:4

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMount Zemaraim (2007)Mount Zemaraim
OpenBible.infoa5a92d1 (Mount Zemaraim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2522


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Zemaraim (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Zemaraim
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Zemaraim
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Mount Zemaraim
  5. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Chr 13:4
  6. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Zemaraim
  7. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  8. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Zemaraim
  9. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Chr 13:2-20
  10. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Zemaraim
  11. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  12. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Zemaraim, Mt.
  13. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  14. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, within 5 km of Zemaraim), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, יעקב, Own work


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.