Places in the Bible Today:

River 2


Translated NamesEuphrates, Euphrates River, River
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for the Euphrates (ancient): 80% confidence
    1. panorama of the Euphrates RiverEuphrates River

  2. another name for the Jordan 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. closeup of the Jordan RiverJordan River

  3. another name for the Jabbok (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. closeup of the Zarqa RiverZarqa River

Verses (1)

Num 22:5

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier (2007)River
OpenBible.infoa669096 (River 2)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  2. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  3. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  4. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  5. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  6. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  7. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  8. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  9. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 22:5

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for the Euphrates), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Ferrus, Bill Rice, Adeeb Atwan


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.