Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameMadon
Notesif it’s Merom, then Zer (if Zer isn’t Tyre) would still be near Qarn Hattin
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Merom (ancient): 40% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell el KhirbehTell el Khirbeh

    2. panorama of Qarn HattinQarn Hattin

    3. panorama of Maroun al RasMaroun al Ras

    4. cityscape of Bint JbeilBint Jbeil

    5. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el BiarKhirbet el Biar

    6. satellite view of the region around Har ZeviHar Zevi

    7. ruins at MeironMeiron

  2. Khirbet Madin (modern): 15% confidence
    1. panorama of ruins at Khirbet MadinKhirbet Madin

  3. Qarn Hattin (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Qarn HattinQarn Hattin

  4. Tell el Khirbeh (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell el KhirbehTell el Khirbeh

Verses (2)

Josh 11:1, 12:19

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMadon (2007)Madon
OpenBible.infoa6c2936 (Madon)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1685


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Madon (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Madon
  3. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Madon
  5. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  6. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 11:1
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Madon
  8. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Madon
  9. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 4
  10. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  11. Howard, Joshua (1998): 11:1
  12. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Madon
  13. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 11:1
  14. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Madon
  15. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  16. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  17. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Madon
  18. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  19. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Madon
  20. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Madon
  21. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Madon
  22. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Madon
  23. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 11:1
  24. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Madon
  25. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  26. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  27. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 11:1
  28. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 90

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Zeromancer44, Own work, עמית אבידן, Yael Alef, זאב שטיין


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.