Places in the Bible Today:

Zaphon 2


Translated NamesMount Zaphon, North, Zaphon
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Jebel Aqra (modern): very high confidence
    1. panorama of Jebel AqraJebel Aqra

  2. not a specific place (north): less than 10% confidence

Verses (3)

  1. Job 26:7
  2. Ps 48:2
  3. Isa 14:13

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMount Zaphon
OpenBible.infoa78e845 (Zaphon 2)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Zaphon, Mount (place)
  2. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Zaphon (mountain)
  3. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Job 26:7-8; Job 26:7-8; Ps 48:1-3
  4. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991): National gods in the Leant and Mesopotamia, page 68
  5. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Zaphon, Mount
  6. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Job 26:7; Ps 48:2
  7. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Zaphon, Mount
  8. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009): Zaphon , Mount
  9. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Zaphon
  10. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010): Zaphon (mountain)
  11. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): Zaphon
  12. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Isa 14:13

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Jebel Aqra), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits



This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.