Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesMount Zalmon, Salmon, Zalmon
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Jebel Druze (modern): 45% confidence
    1. panorama of Jebel DruzeJebel Druze

  2. another name for Mount Hermon (ancient): 20% confidence
    1. panorama of Mount HermonMount Hermon

  3. another name for Mount Zalmon (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. panorama of Mount EbalMount Ebal

    2. aerial panorama facing south of Mount GerizimMount Gerizim

    3. streetscape of Jebel SalmanJebel Salman

    4. satellite view of the region around Jebel el KabirJebel el Kabir

Verses (1)

Ps 68:14

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier (2007)Zalmon
OpenBible.infoa93ed69 (Zalmon)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2511


  1. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Zalmon
  3. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 217
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  5. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Ps 68:14
  6. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011)
  7. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 250
  8. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  9. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Ps 68:14
  10. New Bible Dictionary (1996)
  11. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001)
  12. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Zalmon
  13. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

KFZI310, Almog, Ibro84, יאיר דב, Mujaddara, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.