Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesMashal, Mishal, Misheal
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Tell Keisan (modern): 50% confidence
    1. panorama of Tell KeisanTell Keisan

  2. Tell Bir el Gharbi (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama looking south of Tell Bir el GharbiTell Bir el Gharbi

  3. Tel Nahal (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. aerial panorama of Tel NahalTel Nahal

Verses (3)

Josh-Ruth (2)
Josh 19:26, 21:30
1Sam-Esth (1)
1Chr 6:74

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMishal (2007)Mashal, Mishal
OpenBible.infoa93f8b6 (Mishal)
TIPNRMashal@1Ch.6.74, Mishal@Jos.19.26
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1878, ot ID_1885
WikipediaCities in the Book of Joshua (nonunique url)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 439
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Mishal (place)
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Mishal
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Mishal
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 19:26
  8. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  9. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 22
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Mishal
  11. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  12. New Bible Atlas (1985): Mishal
  13. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  14. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): page 72
  15. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Misal
  16. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  17. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 21:27-33

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Tell Keisan), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Aaadir, Aaadir, Oyoyoy


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.