Places in the Bible Today:

Gebal 1


Translated NamesByblos, Gebal, Gebalite, Gebalites, Giblites
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. Byblos (modern): more than 95% confidence
    1. panorama of ruins at ByblosByblos

Verses (3)

Josh-Ruth (1)
Josh 13:5
1Sam-Esth (1)
1Kgs 5:18
Job-Mal (1)
Ezek 27:9

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookGebal (2007)Gebal
OpenBible.infoa9a2541 (Gebal 1)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_668


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 433
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Gebal (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Byblos
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Byblos
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Gebal
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Gebal
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 13:5; 1Kgs 5:18; Ezek 27:4-11
  10. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Gebal
  11. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Gebal
  12. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Gebal
  13. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 6
  14. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  15. Howard, Joshua (1998): 13:2-5
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Gebal
  17. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Byblos
  18. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Gebal
  19. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Gebal
  20. New Bible Atlas (1985): Gebal
  21. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Gebal
  22. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  23. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  24. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Gebal
  25. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Gebal
  26. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Gebal
  27. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Gebal
  28. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  29. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 13:4-5; 1Kgs 5:18

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Jerzy Strzelecki


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.