Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesIvah, Ivvah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Kafr Aya (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Kafr AyaKafr Aya

  2. another name for Ama (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. panorama of the Karkheh Riveralong the Karkheh River

    2. closeup of the Karun Riveralong the Karun River

  3. not a place (deity or other rendering): less than 10% confidence
  4. Imma (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around ImmaImma

Verses (3)

1Sam-Esth (2)
2Kgs 18:34, 19:13
Job-Mal (1)
Isa 37:13

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookIvvah (2007)Ivvah
OpenBible.infoa9ac5f9 (Ivvah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2147


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Ivvah (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Ivvah
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Ivah, Ivvah
  4. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  5. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Iva
  6. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Ivah, Ava
  7. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Ivah
  8. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Unknown author, matin fattahi


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.