Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesBaharum, Baharumite, Bahurim, Barhumite
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Ras Tumeim (modern): 50% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ras TumeimRas Tumeim

  2. Khirbet Buqei Dan (modern): 15% confidence
    1. aerial cityscape of Khirbet Buqei DanKhirbet Buqei Dan

Verses (7)

  1. 2Sam 3:16, 16:5, 17:18, 19:16, 23:31
  2. 1Kgs 2:8
  3. 1Chr 11:33

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookBahurim (2007)Baharum, Bahurim
OpenBible.infoa9ed5a4 (Bahurim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_467


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Bahurim (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Bahurim
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Bahurim
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Bahurim
  6. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Sam 3:12-16
  7. Gordon, I and II Samuel (1986): 2Sam 3:16
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Bahurim
  9. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Bahurim
  10. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Bahurim
  12. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Sam 16:5
  13. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 275
  14. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Bahurim
  15. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  16. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  17. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Bahurim
  18. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Baharum, Baharumite, Bahurim
  19. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Bahurim
  20. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Bahurim
  21. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Bahurim
  22. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Ras Tumeim), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Mary Madigan


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.