Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesKir-haraseth, Kir-hareseth, Kir-haresh, Kir-heres, Kir Haraseth, Kir Hareseth, Kir Heres
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. Kerak (modern): 85% confidence
    1. castle at KerakKerak

Verses (5)

1Sam-Esth (1)
2Kgs 3:25
Job-Mal (4)
Isa 16:7, 16:11
Jer 48:31, 48:36

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookKir-hareseth (2007)Kir-hareseth
OpenBible.infoab55371 (Kir-hareseth)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2600, ot ID_2601


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 438
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Kir-hareseth (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Kir Hareseth
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Kir Hareseth
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 231
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Kir-Hareseth
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Kir-hareseth
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Kir-hareseth
  11. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Kir
  12. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  13. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  14. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 136
  15. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Kir-hareseth
  16. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Kir-hareseth
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Kgs 3:25
  18. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Kir Haraseth
  19. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  20. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  21. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  22. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Kir-hareseth
  23. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Kerak/Kir-hereseth
  24. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Kir-hareseth
  25. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Kir-hareseth
  26. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Kir-haraseth
  27. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  28. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  29. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 2Kgs 3:25; Jer 48:31
  30. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 114

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Berthold Werner


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.