Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesLakkum, Lakum
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Horbat Kush (modern): 45% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Horbat KushHorbat Kush

  2. Khirbet el Mansurah (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el MansurahKhirbet el Mansurah

Verses (1)

Josh 19:33

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookLakkum (2007)Lakkum
OpenBible.infoabe5dde (Lakkum)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1664


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Lakkum (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Lakkum
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Lakkum
  4. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 19:33
  5. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Lakkum
  6. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 23
  7. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  8. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Lakkum
  9. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 19:32-39
  10. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  11. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  12. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Lakkum
  13. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  14. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Lakkum
  15. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Lakkum, Lakum
  16. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Lakum
  17. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 19:33
  18. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Lakkum
  19. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  20. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Horbat Kush), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.