Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameHanes
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Heracleopolis Magna (ancient): 50% confidence
    1. artifact from Ihnasiyyah al MadinahIhnasiyyah al Madinah

  2. another name for Heracleopolis Parva (ancient): 25% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell BelimTell Belim

  3. another name for Zoan (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at TanisTanis

  4. another name for Tahpanhes (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. artifact from Tell DefennehTell Defenneh

Verses (1)

Isa 30:4

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookHanes (2007)Hanes
OpenBible.infoabf97ba (Hanes)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1101


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Hanes (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Hanes
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Hanes
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Hanes
  6. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Hanes
  7. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  8. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Hanes
  9. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Isa 30:4
  10. New Bible Atlas (1985): Hanes
  11. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Hanes
  12. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  13. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Hanes
  14. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Hanes
  15. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Hanes
  16. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Hanes
  17. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Isa 30:4

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Luis García, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Markh, ArchaiOptix


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.