Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesZeboiim, Zeboim, Zeboyim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. in the Valley of Siddim (ancient): 60% confidence
    1. panorama of hills in the region south of the Lisanin the region south of the Lisan

  2. Feifa (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around FeifaFeifa

  3. in the region north of the Dead Sea (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of a region north of the Dead Seain the region north of the Dead Sea

  4. Tall Mustah (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tall MustahTall Mustah

  5. Khanazir (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around KhanazirKhanazir

Verses (5)

Gen-Deut (4)
Gen 10:19, 14:2, 14:8
Deut 29:23
Job-Mal (1)
Hos 11:8

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookZeboiim (2007)Zeboiim
OpenBible.infoabfbfb9 (Zeboiim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2476
WikipediaZeboim (Hebrew Bible) (partial)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Zeboiim (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Cities of the Plain
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Zeboiim
  4. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 204
  5. Cornerstone Biblical Commentary (2008-2012): Gen 14:1-16
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Deut 29:22-24
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Pentapolis
  9. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Zeboiim
  10. Hartley, Genesis (2000): 10:6-20
  11. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  12. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 282
  13. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Zeboiim
  14. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Hos 11:8
  15. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Zeboiim
  16. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Zeboiim
  17. New Bible Atlas (1985): page 28
  18. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Admah
  19. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  20. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Gomorrah
  21. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  22. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Zeboiim
  23. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): page 22
  24. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Cities of the Plain
  25. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Zeboim, Zeboiim
  26. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  27. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  28. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Gen 13:10

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, in the Valley of Siddim), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Adeeb Atwan, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Вячеслав Ребров


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.