Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameAiath
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Ai 1 (ancient): 65% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at Et TellEt Tell

    2. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el MaqatirKhirbet el Maqatir

    3. ruins at Khirbet NisiehKhirbet Nisieh

    4. aerial panorama including Khirbet Ibn Baraq, which is left of the leftmost buildingsKhirbet Ibn Baraq

    5. satellite view of the region around Khirbet HaiyanKhirbet Haiyan

  2. Khirbet Haiyan (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet HaiyanKhirbet Haiyan

Verses (1)

Isa 10:28

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier (2007)Aiath
OpenBible.infoad053dd (Aiath)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2232


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 430
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013)
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Aiath
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  7. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Isa 10:28-32 note
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Aiath
  9. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  11. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Isa 10:28-32
  12. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 324
  13. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Ai
  14. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  15. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  16. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Aiath
  17. Sacred Bridge (2014): page 235
  18. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001)
  19. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Aiath
  20. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Ai 1), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Bukvoed, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Biegel, Dvirraz


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.