Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesEn-tappuah, En Tappuah, spring of Tappuah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. within 2 km of Tappuah 1 (ancient): 55% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell Abu Zaradwithin 2 km of Tell Abu Zarad

  2. another name for Tappuah 1 (ancient): 35% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell Abu ZaradTell Abu Zarad

  3. Ein et Tuta (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ein et TutaEin et Tuta

Verses (2)

Josh 17:7, 17:9

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookEn-tappuah (2007)En-tappuah
OpenBible.infoad6b2b7 (En-tappuah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2215
WikipediaTappuah (partial)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Tappuah (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): En Tappuah
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): En-Tappuah
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): En-Tappuah
  5. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 17:7
  6. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): En-tappuah
  7. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 16
  8. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  9. Howard, Joshua (1998): 17:7-10
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): En-Tappuah
  11. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): En-tappuah
  12. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): En Tappuah
  13. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): En-tappuah
  14. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  15. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): En-tappuah
  16. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): En-tappuah
  17. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): En-tappuah
  18. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.