Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameArab
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet er Rabiyeh (modern): 55% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet er RabiyehKhirbet er Rabiyeh

  2. Khirbet ez Zawiya (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet ez ZawiyaKhirbet ez Zawiya

Verses (1)

Josh 15:52

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookArab (2007)Arab
OpenBible.infoadbc03e (Arab)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_340


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Arab (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Arab
  3. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Arab
  5. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 15:52; 2Sam 23:24-39
  6. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Arab
  7. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Arab
  8. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Arab
  11. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 15:48-60
  12. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): pages 242, 244
  13. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Arab
  14. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Arab
  15. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Arab
  16. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:52
  17. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Arab
  18. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Khirbet er Rabiyeh), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.