Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameImmer
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. in Babylonia (ancient): very high confidence
    1. Ishtar gate from Babylonin Babylonia

  2. not a place (person): 20% confidence

Verses (2)

  1. Ezra 2:59
  2. Neh 7:61

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookImmer (town) (2007)Immer
OpenBible.infoae4d198 (Immer)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_297


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Immer (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Immer
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Immer
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Immer (place)
  5. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Immer
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Immer
  7. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Immer
  8. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  9. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Immer
  10. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Immer
  11. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Immer (Place)
  12. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  13. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, in Babylonia), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Radomir Vrbovsky


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.

The isobands you see on the map (gray areas with dark borders) attempt to give you confidence where a region is. Because many ancient regions aren't precisely defined, I consulted atlases to determine where the biblical region is located and used that data to build the isobands. The smaller isobands reflect more confidence that the given isoband is in the region, while the larger isobands reflect less confidence. Isobands are a kind of contour line that here indicate confidence levels.