Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameRezeph
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Resafa (modern): 65% confidence
    1. ruins at ResafaResafa

  2. Resappa (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around ResappaResappa

Verses (2)

1Sam-Esth (1)
2Kgs 19:12
Job-Mal (1)
Isa 37:12

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookRezeph (2007)Rezeph
OpenBible.infoaefdac1 (Rezeph)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2729


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Rezeph (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Rezeph
  3. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Rezeph
  5. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  6. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Isa 37:12 note
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Rezeph
  8. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Rezeph
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Rezeph
  11. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Rezeph
  12. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  13. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  14. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Rezeph
  15. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Rezeph
  16. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Rezeph
  17. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Rezeph
  18. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  20. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Isa 37:12

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Resafa), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Haubi|Gerhard Haubold, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.