Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesArvad, Arvadites, Arvan
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. Arwad (modern): 90% confidence
    1. building at ArwadArwad

Verses (2)

Ezek 27:8, 27:11

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookArvad (2007)Arvad
OpenBible.infoafbf1b5 (Arvad)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_349
WikipediaArwad (partial)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 431
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Arvad (person)
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Arvad
  4. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 98
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Arvad
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Arvad
  9. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Arvad
  10. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Arvad
  11. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  12. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  13. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Arvad
  14. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016)
  15. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Arvad
  16. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Arvad
  17. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  18. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  19. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  20. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Arvad
  21. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Arvad, Arvadite
  22. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Arwad
  23. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Arvad
  24. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Arvad
  25. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  26. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Michel Benoist


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.