Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesAshteroth-karnaim, Ashteroth-Karnaim, Ashteroth Karnaim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Ashtaroth (ancient): 85% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell AshtaraTell Ashtara

  2. another name for Karnaim (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. historical cityscape illustration of Al Shaykh SaadAl Shaykh Saad

    2. satellite view of the region around Tell AshtaraTell Ashtara

Verses (1)

Gen 14:5

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookAshteroth-Karnaim (2007)Ashteroth-karnaim
OpenBible.infoafe4be0 (Ashteroth-karnaim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2345


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Ashteroth-karnaim (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Ashtaroth; Ashteroth Karnaim
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Ashteroth Karnaim
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Ashteroth-karnaim
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Ashteroth-Karnaim
  6. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Carnaim
  7. Hartley, Genesis (2000): 14:5 note
  8. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  9. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Ashteroth-Karnaim
  10. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Ashteroth-karnaim
  11. Matthews, Genesis (1996, 2005): 14:5-7
  12. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Ashtaroth, city of
  13. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Ashteroth-karnaim
  14. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  15. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  16. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Ashteroth-karnaim
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Karnaim
  18. Wenham, Genesis (1987, 1994): 14:5
  19. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 12:4-6 note 16
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Ashteroth-karnaim
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Ashtaroth), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Gottlieb Schumacher


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.