Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameKarkor
Typessettlement or valley
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

8 Possible Identifications

  1. Al Qarqar (modern): 30% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Al QarqarAl Qarqar

  2. Karkagheisch (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around KarkagheischKarkagheisch

  3. Carcaria (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. building at CarcariaCarcaria

  4. Al Baqa’a (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Al Baqa’aAl Baqa’a

  5. in Wadi Sirhan (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of a rock in Wadi Sirhanin Wadi Sirhan

  6. within 8 km of Penuel (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. panorama of Tell edh Dhahab esh Sherqiyehwithin 8 km of Tell edh Dhahab esh Sherqiyeh

    2. panorama of the Jabbok River and Tell edh Dhahab el Gharbiwithin 8 km of Tell edh Dhahab el Gharbi

  7. not a proper name (place with water): less than 10% confidence
  8. Qarqar (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of QarqarQarqar

Verses (1)

Judg 8:10

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookKarkor (2007)Karkor
OpenBible.infoa0415e8 (Karkor)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2647


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Karkor (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Karkor
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Karkor
  4. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  5. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Judg 8:10-12
  6. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 269
  7. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Karkor
  8. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Judg 8:10
  9. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Karkor
  10. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  11. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Karkor
  12. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Karkor
  13. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Karkor
  14. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  15. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 8:10

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, H.P. Frei, Adeeb Atwan, Ahmad.badwan, יעקב, E. Rehfeld, PongoPygmaeus


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.