Places in the Bible Today:

Aroer 3


Translated NameAroer
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Aro’er (modern): 65% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Aro’erKhirbet Aro’er

  2. Tel Esdar (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tel EsdarTel Esdar

  3. another name for Aroer 2 (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Umm SweiwinehUmm Sweiwineh

    2. satellite view of the region around Khirbet UdenaKhirbet Udena

    3. satellite view of the region around ErjanErjan

    4. satellite view of the region around ArairArair

  4. another name for Aroer 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around ArairArair

Verses (1)

1Sam 30:28

Linked Data Identifiers

Biblemapper.com171 (2007)Aroer 3
OpenBible.infoa1b9ca6 (Aroer 3)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 430
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990)
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013)
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Aroer
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 1Sam 30:26-31
  10. Gordon, I and II Samuel (1986): 1Sam 30:28
  11. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Ararah
  12. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011)
  13. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  14. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  15. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 1Sam 30:27-31
  18. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 121
  19. New Bible Atlas (1985): Aroer
  20. New Bible Dictionary (1996)
  21. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  22. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  23. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  24. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Aroer
  25. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001)
  26. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Aroer
  27. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Aroer
  28. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  29. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Khirbet Aro’er), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.