Places in the Bible Today:

Aroer 2

Data

Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Udena (modern): 25% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet UdenaKhirbet Udena

  2. Umm Sweiwineh (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Umm SweiwinehUmm Sweiwineh

  3. Erjan (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around ErjanErjan

  4. another name for Aroer 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around ArairArair

Verses (2)

  1. Josh 13:25
  2. Judg 11:33

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Biblemapper.com170
Logos FactbookAroer (East of Rabbah)
OpenBible.info (2007)Aroer 2
OpenBible.infoaf74969 (Aroer 2)
TIPNRAroer@Num.32.34
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2325, ot ID_2333

Sources

  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Aroer (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Aroer
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Aroer
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Aroer
  5. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  6. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 13:26
  7. Howard, Joshua (1998): 13:24-28
  8. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  9. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 4
  10. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Aroer
  11. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Aroer
  12. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Aroer
  13. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.