Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesPirathon, Pirathonite
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Farata (modern): 75% confidence
    1. cityscape of FarataFarata

  2. another name for Parah (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Ein FaraKhirbet Ein Fara

    2. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Abu MusarrahKhirbet Abu Musarrah

    3. satellite view of the region around Khirbet TarafaynKhirbet Tarafayn

Verses (5)

Josh-Ruth (2)
Judg 12:13, 12:15
1Sam-Esth (3)
2Sam 23:30
1Chr 11:31, 27:14

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookPirathon (2007)Pirathon
OpenBible.infoa40647c (Pirathon)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2449


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 440
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Pirathon (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Pirathon
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Pirathon, Pirathonite
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Pirathon
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Pirathon
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Judg 12:13
  10. Gordon, I and II Samuel (1986): 2Sam 23:30
  11. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Pirathon
  12. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Pharathon
  13. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Pirathon
  14. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  15. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Pirathon
  17. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Pirathon
  18. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Judg 12:13
  19. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): pages 327, 328
  20. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Pirathon
  21. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  22. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  23. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  24. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Pirathon
  25. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Pirathon
  26. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Pirathon
  27. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  28. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  29. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 12:13-15

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Farata), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

עדירל, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.