Places in the Bible Today:

Arad 2


Translated NameArad
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Tel Arad (modern): 45% confidence
    1. ruins at Tel AradTel Arad

  2. another name for Arad 1 (ancient): 45% confidence. It may be:
    1. artifact from Tel MalhataTel Malhata

    2. ruins at Tel AradTel Arad

    3. satellite view of the region around Tel MasosTel Masos

Verses (1)

Judg 1:16

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookArad (town) (2007)Arad
OpenBible.infoa4cea2a (Arad 2)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2323
WikipediaTel Arad (partial)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Arad (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Arad
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Arad
  4. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Arad
  5. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Arad
  6. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Arad
  7. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  8. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 113
  9. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 4
  10. New Bible Atlas (1985): Arad
  11. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Arad
  12. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  13. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  14. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Arad
  15. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Arad (Place)
  16. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Arad
  17. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

אריאל מנור, Gary Todd, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.