Places in the Bible Today:

Tamar 2


Translated NameTamar
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. En Hazeva (modern): 80% confidence
    1. ruins at En HazevaEn Hazeva

  2. Mezad Tamar (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Mezad TamarMezad Tamar

  3. En Tamar (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around En TamarEn Tamar

Verses (3)

Ezek 47:18, 47:19, 48:28

Linked Data Identifiers

Biblemapper.com900 (2007)Tamar 2
OpenBible.infoa5947d7 (Tamar 2)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_3067


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 442
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990)
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Tamar
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 207
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Hazazon-tamar
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Tamar
  11. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  12. Hartley, Genesis (2000): 14:7 note
  13. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003): Hazazon-tamar
  14. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 111
  15. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  16. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 1Kgs 9:15-19
  17. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 84
  18. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 2
  19. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  20. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Tamar
  21. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Tamar
  22. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Tamar
  23. Wenham, Genesis (1987, 1994): 14:7
  24. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Hazezon-tamar
  25. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  26. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  27. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 1:16

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, En Hazeva), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Bukvoed, Oren Rozen, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.