Places in the Bible Today:

Tamar 1


Translated NamesTadmor, Tamar
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Tamar 2 (ancient): 70% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at En HazevaEn Hazeva

    2. ruins at Mezad TamarMezad Tamar

    3. satellite view of the region around En TamarEn Tamar

  2. another name for Tadmor (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at PalmyraPalmyra

  3. En Hazeva (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at En HazevaEn Hazeva

Verses (1)

1Kgs 9:18

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookTamar (city) (2007)Tamar 1
OpenBible.infoab066d7 (Tamar 1)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_3011, ot ID_3067


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Tamar (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Tamar, Tamara
  3. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 207
  4. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Tamar
  5. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Tamar
  7. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 1Kgs 9:15-19
  8. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Tamar
  9. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Tamar (Place)
  10. Wenham, Genesis (1987, 1994): 14:7
  11. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Tamar
  12. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  13. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 1Kgs 9:17-18

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Tamar 2), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Bukvoed, Oren Rozen, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Bernard Gagnon


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.