Places in the Bible Today:

Ain 1


Translated NameAin
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

6 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Ayun (modern): 35% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet AyunKhirbet Ayun

  2. Khirbet Dufnah (modern): 20% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet DufnahKhirbet Dufnah

  3. Ain ez Zarqa (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ain ez ZarqaAin ez Zarqa

  4. Banias (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at BaniasBanias

  5. another name for Dan (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. gate at Tel DanTel Dan

  6. another name for Ijon (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell DibbineTell Dibbine

    2. panorama looking north of Marjaayoun, which is just visible at the top of the hillMarjaayoun

Verses (1)

Num 34:11

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookAin (Nu 34:11) (2007)Ain 1
OpenBible.infoa89511f (Ain 1)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2216


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 430
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Ain (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Ain
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Ain
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Ain
  7. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Ain
  8. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Ain
  9. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  10. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  11. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 34:10

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, EdoM, Lajoya02, Julien Harneis


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.