Places in the Bible Today:

Ain 2


Translated NameAin
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for En-rimmon (ancient): 40% confidence. It may be:
    1. panorama of Tel HalifTel Halif

    2. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Umm er RammaminKhirbet Umm er Rammamin

  2. another name for Ashan (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet AsanKhirbet Asan

    2. artifact from Tell Beit MirsimTell Beit Mirsim

    3. cave at Tel GodedTel Goded

    4. satellite view of the region around Khirbet MulehKhirbet Muleh

  3. Horbat Anim (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Horbat AnimHorbat Anim

  4. Khirbet Asan (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet AsanKhirbet Asan

Verses (3)

Josh-Ruth (2)
Josh 15:32, 19:7
1Sam-Esth (1)
1Chr 4:32

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookLevitical City of Ain (2007)Ain 2
OpenBible.infoafb265c (Ain 2)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2216


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  2. Baker Encyclopedia of Bible Places (1995)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013)
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Ain
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  6. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Ain
  7. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  8. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  9. Howard, Joshua (1998): 19:2-8 note 187
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  11. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 108
  12. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Ain
  13. New Bible Dictionary (1996)
  14. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  15. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Ain
  16. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): page 94
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001)
  18. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Ain
  19. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 19:7
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for En-rimmon), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Danny Gershoni, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Hanay, Deror avi, Dr. Avishai Teicher


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.