Places in the Bible Today:

Libnah 1

Data

Translated NameLibnah
Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

7 Possible Identifications

  1. Tell Bornat (modern): 40% confidence
    1. aerial panorama of Tell BornatTell Bornat

  2. Tel Goded (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. cave at Tel GodedTel Goded

  3. Tel el Beida (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Tel el BeidaTel el Beida

  4. Tel Zayit (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Tel ZayitTel Zayit

  5. Tel Erani (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Tel EraniTel Erani

  6. Tell Eton (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. artifact from Tell EtonTell Eton

  7. Tell es Safi (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Tell es SafiTell es Safi

Verses (16)

Josh-Ruth (8)
Josh 10:29, 10:30, 10:31, 10:32, 10:39, 12:15, 15:42, 21:13
1Sam-Esth (6)
2Kgs 8:22, 19:8, 23:31, 24:18
1Chr 6:57
2Chr 21:10
Job-Mal (2)
Isa 37:8
Jer 52:1

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Biblemapper.com621
OpenBible.info (2007)Libnah 1
OpenBible.infoa97b595 (Libnah 1)
TIPNRLibnah@Jos.10.29
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1629
WikidataQ3486583

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 439
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990)
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013)
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Libnah
  6. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 139
  7. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  8. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  9. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  10. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 10:29; 2Chr 21:10
  11. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Libnah
  12. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Libnah
  13. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011)
  14. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  15. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  16. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  17. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 97
  18. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  19. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Libnah
  20. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 10:29; 2Kgs 19:8
  21. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016)
  22. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 207
  23. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 6
  24. New Bible Dictionary (1996)
  25. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  26. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  27. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  28. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Libnah
  29. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Libnah
  30. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Libna
  31. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Libnah
  32. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 10:29-30 note 4
  33. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  34. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  35. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  36. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 2Kgs 8:22; Josh 10:29; 2Kgs 8:22; 2Chr 21:8-10
  37. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 74

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Joeuziel, Deror avi, Davidbena, Hanay, יפעת אופק, Hanay, Ori~

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.