Places in the Bible Today:

Eder 1


Translated NamesEdar, Eder, Migdal-eder, Migdal Eder, Tower of Eder
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet es Siyar el Ghanam (modern): 65% confidence
    1. church at Khirbet es Siyar el GhanamKhirbet es Siyar el Ghanam

  2. another name for the City of David (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. tilt-shift cityscape of the City of DavidCity of David

  3. Khirbet el Bira (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el BiraKhirbet el Bira

Verses (1)

Gen 35:21

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookTower of Eder (2007)Eder 1
OpenBible.infoab80fa1 (Eder 1)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1679


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Eder, Tower of (place)
  2. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Eder (place)
  3. Hamilton, Genesis (1995): 35:16-22a note 12
  4. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  5. Waltke and Fredricks, Genesis (2001): 35:21
  6. Wenham, Genesis (1987, 1994): 35:21

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Khirbet es Siyar el Ghanam), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Antoine Taveneaux, Avraham Graicer, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.