Places in the Bible Today:

Eder 2


Translated NameEder
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Arad 2 (ancient): 30% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at Tel AradTel Arad

    2. artifact from Tel MalhataTel Malhata

    3. satellite view of the region around Tel MasosTel Masos

  2. Tel Arad (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Tel AradTel Arad

  3. Horbat Adar (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Horbat AdarHorbat Adar

Verses (1)

Josh 15:21

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookEder (village) (2007)Eder 2
OpenBible.infoa1b30e1 (Eder 2)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2138


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Eder (place)
  2. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Eder (place)
  3. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Eder
  4. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  5. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Eder
  6. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Eder
  7. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 113
  8. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Eder, Edar
  9. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Eder
  10. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:21
  11. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Eder
  12. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  13. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

אריאל מנור, Gary Todd, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.