Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameGittaim
Notessome treat these two verses as referring to different places
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

6 Possible Identifications

  1. Ras Abu Hamid (modern): 50% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ras Abu HamidRas Abu Hamid

  2. Ramla (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. cityscape of RamlaRamla

  3. another name for Gath-padalla (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. cityscape of JettJett

  4. Al Burj (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Al BurjAl Burj

  5. within 30 km of Beeroth (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. cityscape of Al Birawithin 30 km of Al Bira

    2. cityscape looking south including Khirbet el Burj at the top of the hill at centerwithin 30 km of Khirbet el Burj

    3. building at Nabi Samwilwithin 30 km of Nabi Samwil

    4. satellite view of the region around Ras et Tahunehwithin 30 km of Ras et Tahuneh

    5. well at El Jibwithin 30 km of El Jib

    6. cityscape of Bidduwithin 30 km of Biddu

    7. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Raddanawithin 30 km of Khirbet Raddana

    8. aerial panorama of Tell en Nasbehwithin 30 km of Tell en Nasbeh

  6. within 7 km of Lod (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. building at Lodwithin 7 km of Lod

Verses (2)

  1. 2Sam 4:3
  2. Neh 11:33

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookGittaim (2007)Gittaim
OpenBible.infoab98f8c (Gittaim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_778
WikipediaGittaim (redirect)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 435
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Gittaim (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Gittaim
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Gittaim
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Gath
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Gittaim
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Sam 4:1-3; Neh 11:33
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Gittaim
  11. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  12. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  13. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 145
  14. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 7
  15. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Gittaim
  16. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Gittaim
  18. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Gittayim
  19. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Gittaim
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Gittaim
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 2Sam 4:3
  24. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 143

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Ras Abu Hamid), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, ניר 1985, ת.ר., ישראל פרקר Israel Preker, יעקב, Ori~, Alexey Goral, Ar2332, יעקב, דניאל צבי, רחל שרוני


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.