Places in the Bible Today:

City of Palms 2


Translated NameCity of Palms
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Jericho 1 (ancient): 90% confidence
    1. ruins at Tell es SultanTell es Sultan

  2. another name for Tamar 2 (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at En HazevaEn Hazeva

    2. ruins at Mezad TamarMezad Tamar

    3. satellite view of the region around En TamarEn Tamar

  3. another name for Zoar (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. panorama of Al SafiAl Safi

    2. panorama of hills in the region south of the Lisanin the region south of the Lisan

    3. panorama of a region north of the Dead Seain the region north of the Dead Sea

    4. satellite view of the region around Tell al Sheikh IsaTell al Sheikh Isa

    5. canyon at the mouth of Wadi Mujibmouth of Wadi Mujib

    6. satellite view of the region around Tawahin el SukkarTawahin el Sukkar

    7. satellite view of the region around Esh ShaghurEsh Shaghur

    8. satellite view of the region around Tall IktanuTall Iktanu

    9. ruins at Bab edh DhraBab edh Dhra

Verses (1)

Judg 1:16

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookCity of Palm Trees
OpenBible.infoac4ff01 (City of Palms 2)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 215
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): City of Palm Trees (place)
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): City of Palm Trees
  4. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Judg 1:16
  5. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Palm Trees, Palms (City of)
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): City of Palm Trees
  7. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Judg 1:16
  8. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Jericho
  9. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): City of Palms
  10. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): City of Palms
  11. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 1:16

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Jericho 1), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Abraham, Bukvoed, Oren Rozen, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Ana al’ain, Adeeb Atwan, Вячеслав Ребров, hikinginjordan, Ana al’ain


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.