Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameJotbah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Shifat (modern): 65% confidence
    1. panorama of Khirbet ShifatKhirbet Shifat

  2. Karm er Ras (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Karm er RasKarm er Ras

  3. another name for Jotbathah (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. cityscape of TabaTaba

    2. animal at Ein YotvataEin Yotvata

    3. satellite view of the region around Et TabaEt Taba

    4. park at Ein WeibehEin Weibeh

  4. Et Taba (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Et TabaEt Taba

  5. another name for Juttah (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. cityscape of YattaYatta

Verses (1)

2Kgs 21:19

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookJotbah (2007)Jotbah
OpenBible.infoadbbb54 (Jotbah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1355


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 437
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Jotbah (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Jotbah
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Jotbah
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Jotapata
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Jotbah
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Jotbah
  10. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  11. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  12. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Jotbah
  13. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Jotbah
  14. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Jotbah
  15. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  16. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Jotbah
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Jotbah
  18. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Yotba
  19. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Jotbah
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Jotbah
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Khirbet Shifat), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Oren Rozen, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Balou46, Zachi Evenor, Chaver83, Stéphanie Gromann


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.