Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesMichmas, Michmash, Micmash, Mikmash
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Mukhmas (modern): 60% confidence
    1. cityscape of MukhmasMukhmas

  2. Khirbet el Hara el Fawqa (modern): 30% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el Hara el FawqaKhirbet el Hara el Fawqa

Verses (11)

1Sam-Esth (10)
1Sam 13:2, 13:5, 13:11, 13:16, 13:23, 14:5, 14:31
Ezra 2:27
Neh 7:31, 11:31
Job-Mal (1)
Isa 10:28

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMichmash (2007)Michmas, Michmash
OpenBible.infoadea06c (Michmash)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1759


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 439
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Michmash (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Michmash; Michmas
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Mikmash
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Michmash
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Michmash
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Neh 11:31
  10. Gordon, I and II Samuel (1986): 1Sam 13:2
  11. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Michmash
  12. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Michmash
  13. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  14. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  15. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 127
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Micmash
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 1Sam 13:2
  18. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Michmash
  19. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 301
  20. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Michmash, Michmas
  21. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  22. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  23. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Michmash
  24. Sacred Bridge (2014): page 235
  25. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Michmash
  26. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Mikmas
  27. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Michmash
  28. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Michmash
  29. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  31. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 1Sam 13:2
  32. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 88

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Mukhmas), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

יעקב, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.