Places in the Bible Today:

Gilgal 2


Translated NameGilgal
Notesin Ephraim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Jiljilyya (modern): 35% confidence
    1. cityscape of JiljilyyaJiljilyya

  2. another name for Gilgal 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at Khirbet el MefjirKhirbet el Mefjir

    2. satellite view of the region around Khirbet en NitlehKhirbet en Nitleh

    3. satellite view of the region around El ’UnuqEl ’Unuq

    4. aerial panorama of ruins at Bedhat esh Sha’abBedhat esh Sha’ab

    5. satellite view of the region around Suwwanet eth ThaniyaSuwwanet eth Thaniya

    6. satellite view of the region around Tell el JurnTell el Jurn

Verses (2)

2Kgs 2:1, 4:38

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookGilgal (of Samaria) (2007)Gilgal 2
OpenBible.infoa6399b3 (Gilgal 2)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_731
WikipediaGilgal (partial)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Gilgal (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Gilgal
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Gilgal
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Gilgal
  5. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  6. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Kgs 2:1-2
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Gilgal
  8. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011)
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Gilgal
  11. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Kgs 2:1
  12. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  13. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Gilgal
  14. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Gilgal
  15. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Gilgal
  16. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Gilgal
  17. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 2Kgs 2:1

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Jiljilyya), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

עדירל, Zairon, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Adam Zartal אדם זרטל


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.