Places in the Bible Today:

Etam 3


Translated NamesEtah, Etam
Notesin Judah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. Khirbet el Khokh (modern): 75% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el KhokhKhirbet el Khokh

Verses (1)

2Chr 11:6

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookEtam (of Judah) (2007)Etam 3
OpenBible.infoaa21f26 (Etam 3)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2199


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 434
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Etam (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Etam
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Etam
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 140
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Etam
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Etam
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Etam
  11. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  12. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  13. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Etam
  14. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 272
  15. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Etam
  16. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Etam
  17. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  18. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Etam
  19. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Etam
  20. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Etam
  21. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Etam
  22. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Etam
  23. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  24. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  25. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 84

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.