Places in the Bible Today:

Debir 1


Translated NamesDebir, Kiriath-sannah, Kiriath-sepher, Kiriath Sanna, Kiriath Sannah, Kiriath Sepher, Kirjath-sannah, Kirjath-sepher, Kirjath Sannah, Kirjath Sepher
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Rabud (modern): 80% confidence
    1. recent ruins at Khirbet RabudKhirbet Rabud

  2. Khirbet Tarrama (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Khirbet TarramaKhirbet Tarrama

  3. Tell Beit Mirsim (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. artifact from Tell Beit MirsimTell Beit Mirsim

Verses (11)

Josh-Ruth (10)
Josh 10:38, 10:39, 11:21, 12:13, 15:15, 15:16, 15:49, 21:15
Judg 1:11, 1:12
1Sam-Esth (1)
1Chr 6:58

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookDebir (of South Hill Country) (2007)Debir 1, Kiriath-sannah, Kiriath-sepher
OpenBible.infoad2048e (Debir 1)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2639, ot ID_2640, ot ID_785
WikipediaDebir (partial)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 433
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Debir (place)
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Debir
  4. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 140
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Debir (place)
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 10:38-39; Judg 1:11
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Debir
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Debir
  11. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Debir
  12. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  13. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 4
  14. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  15. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Debir
  16. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Debir
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 10:38; Josh 15:15; Judg 1:11
  18. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Debir of the South Hill Country
  19. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 232
  20. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 6
  21. New Bible Atlas (1985): Debir
  22. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Debir
  23. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  24. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  25. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  26. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Debir
  27. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): page 85
  28. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Debir
  29. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Debir (Place)
  30. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Debir
  31. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Debir
  32. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:15-16 note 3
  33. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Debir
  34. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  35. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  36. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 1:11
  37. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 399

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Khirbet Rabud), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

hatul, hatul, Hanay


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.