Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameKarnaim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Al Shaykh Saad (modern): 80% confidence
    1. historical cityscape illustration of Al Shaykh SaadAl Shaykh Saad

  2. another name for Ashtaroth (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell AshtaraTell Ashtara

Verses (1)

Amos 6:13

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookKarnaim (2007)Karnaim
OpenBible.infoadf5c7b (Karnaim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2644


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Ashteroth-karnaim (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Karnaim
  3. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 216
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Karnaim
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Karnaim
  8. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  9. Hartley, Genesis (2000): 14:5 note
  10. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003): Karnaim
  11. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 249
  12. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Karnaim
  13. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Amos 6:13
  14. Matthews, Genesis (1996, 2005): 14:5-7
  15. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  16. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Carnaim
  17. Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary (2012): Amos 6:12-13
  18. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Karnain
  19. Wenham, Genesis (1987, 1994): 14:5
  20. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Karnaim
  21. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  22. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): Karnaim

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Al Shaykh Saad), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Gottlieb Schumacher, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.